The life cycle represents the stages a domain goes through or can go through. .cat domains have a life cycle very similar to those of other domains, divided into well differentiated phases:
When you want to register a domain you need to check that the word or combination of characters (numbers, letters, special Catalan letters, accents, diaeresis, hyphens, etc.) is available. You can do this by checking the Register’s whois or using the interface offered by the .cat registrars. If the domain you want isn’t taken, it can be registered.
Registering a domain means you have to identify yourself as the holder, giving your first name, surname, postal address and e-mail address. It is important that the register and the registrar can contact you by e-mail, to prevent problems when it comes to renewing the domain, for example. In addition, .cat asks for your usage intentions. This is also an important detail as, if you do not keep to them, this can lead to the domain being refused.
Defensive registration, a special type of registration, is offered to those who do not meet the eligibility criteria for a .cat domain but want to reserve the name to prevent third parties registering it.
Once the domain has been registered, the Fundació puntCAT adds it to the .cat zone and, in a few minutes, the domain becomes available to anyone.
It is important keep your contact details (e-mail, postal address, etc.) updated using the control panel on the registrar’s website. The registrars send the domain holder an e-mail a few months before it expires. You therefore need to renew it before the deadline to ensure the continuity of the domain. If the domain is not renewed, once the expiry date arrives it moves into a different stage.
Domains are registered for periods between 1 and 10 years in units of at least 12 months. The creation date and expiry date can be seen in the whois. Before the expiry date arrives, the registrars send an e-mail to the electronic mailbox the holder has given as a means of contact. It is important to give a valid e-mail address that you check regularly. If you change your e-mail address you need to update the contact details (the person registering and the administrative contact) on your registrar’s website.
If the domain has not been renewed when the expiry date arrives, it goes into a grace period of a maximum of 45 days.
This period lasts a maximum of 45 days, but the registrar can decide to delete the domain at any time. Often, although they are not obliged to do so, registrars try to contact the holder to prevent the loss of the domain. The renewal of a domain from this situation can be more expensive than a standard renewal.
After 45 days, or before this if the registrar so decides, the domain is marked as “pending delete” and is removed from the zone, going into the recovery period.
In this period, the domain is removed from the zone and therefore ceases to be accessible (e-mail and website). If there is no renewal after 30 days (normally at a higher cost), the domain is deleted, as it cannot be recovered, and it is available once more for the cycle to begin again.
Defensive registrations (a special type of domain used only to protect brands) do not go into the recovery period. They immediately move from availability to pending delete. This means they cannot be recovered and they are available once again.